Myofascial pain syndrome refers to the condition where pressure application causes pain to sensitive points in the muscles and other unrelated body parts. Myofascial pain syndrome is a chronic pain disorder, where the discomfort associated with the syndrome worsens with time. While most of us have experienced muscle pain due to overexertion or injury, Myofascial pain syndrome is long term and requires medical attention.
There are many symptoms associated with Myofascial pain syndrome. The pain is characterized as a deep and aching pain in the muscles, which usually perseveres and worsens with time. Patients may also notice tender knots in the muscles and difficulty falling asleep due to the problem.
Injuries or overuse in the muscle can form “trigger points” in the muscles. Trigger points are sensitive areas of dense muscle fiber. Myofascial pain syndrome refers to the condition where these trigger points are formed, and they cause excessive pain and strain in the entirety of the muscle.
Myofascial pain syndrome usually occurs as a result of injury or overuse of the muscles. An acute injury to a muscle can create trigger points that become more severe with time. Incorrect posture and overuse of certain muscle groups can also lead to the formation of tension points that can cause a great deal of discomfort and lead to a decrease in the individual’s productivity. Myofascial pain syndrome may also occur as a result of psychological stress and anxiety. People with these predispositions are hypothesized to clench their muscles more often, leading to trigger points.
Myofascial pain syndrome can lead to complications besides chronic pain. Patients may experience difficulty falling asleep as a result of the pain they experience. The pain in the trigger points may make it difficult to find a suitable sleeping position. Shuffling during sleep at night could cause one to activate a trigger point, causing one to wake up. Over an extended period of time, sleep problems can lead to a whole host of its problems. Research also suggests that Myofascial pain syndrome could lead to Fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition where the brain becomes more sensitive to pain. This can lead to widespread pain in the entire body, as the brain develops stronger neural connections of the sensation of pain.
Consider seeing a doctor if you’re experiencing any of the symptoms described above. While most of us have experienced muscle tension pain in some form, it rarely persists as the muscle fibers slowly recover. If your problem is persistent and feels like it is worsening with time, you may need professional help. A medical professional will perform a physical examination of the pain area to look for trigger points. The doctor will apply gentle pressure to the painful area to look for dense muscle fiber areas. Pressure on these trigger points may also lead to specific responses as shooting pain or a muscle twitch.
Treatment involves performing physical therapy and taking medication. Physical therapy will concentrate on stretching and posture training to try to relieve the tense muscles. One may also consider massaging and applying heating pads to further help with this process. Medication usually involves pain-relievers and sedatives. This can help improve your quality of sleep and reduce the discomfort you experience.