Kyphosis, also known as a hunchback, refers to a spinal disorder in which patients have an abnormally curved spine. Kyphosis can occur at any age but most commonly occurs during adolescence. In most cases, Kyphosis does not require surgery or any particular medical intervention, as it rarely leads to severe problems.
To understand Kyphosis better, it is important to be acquainted with the anatomy of the spine. The spine constitutes three segments, namely, the cervical spine, thoracic spine, and lumbar spine. Together, these three segments form a natural curve. This natural curvature of the spine helps provide stability and balance to the body to perform various tasks such as standing, walking, jumping, and sitting. Deformation of these natural curves can lead to problems associated with Kyphosis.
Kyphosis can occur in various types, but three common types occur in kids and adolescents.
A physical examination can reveal mild Kyphosis symptoms if the issue is not visually diagnosable. The doctor may ask about one’s medical history and other associated health problems. The doctor will physically press the patients back to check for signs of tenderness and incorrect spinal curves. The doctor may ask the patient to perform the “Adam’s Forward Bend” test to examine the spine’s curvature better and check for signs of deformity. In cases where Kyphosis is severe, it can lead to excessive back pain and the body’s disfiguration. Patients may experience chronic pain, discomfort, and stiffness in the back. The severe deformation of the spine can also lead to difficulty in breathing. These patients may need to practice physical therapy and wear back braces to provide additional support to the back or require surgery in extreme cases.